Happy Holidays!

12/19/16

I always say Happy Holidays,  because there are so many Holidays being celebrated at this time of year. There are at least 6, depending on your religion and country.  I celebrate Yule, which Christmas is a part of for me.

from About.com

A Festival of Light
Many cultures have winter festivals that are in fact celebrations of light. In addition to Christmas, there’s Hanukkah with its brightly lit menorahs, Kwanzaa candles, and any number of other holidays. The Pagan holiday called Yule takes place on the day of the winter solstice, around December 21 in the northern hemisphere (below the equator, the winter solstice falls around June 21). On that day (or close to it), an amazing thing happens in the sky. The earth’s axis tilts away from the sun in the Northern Hemisphere, and the sun reaches at its greatest distance from the equatorial plane. As a festival of the Sun, the most important part of any Yule celebration is light — candles, bonfires, and more.

Origins of Yule
In the Northern hemisphere, the winter solstice has been celebrated for millenia. The Norse peoples viewed it as a time for much feasting, merrymaking, and, if the Icelandic sagas are to be believed, a time of sacrifice as well.
Traditional customs such as the Yule log, the decorated tree, and wassailing can all be traced back to Norse origins.

Celtic Celebrations of Winter
The Celts of the British Isles celebrated midwinter as well. Although little is known about the specifics of what they did, many traditions persist. According to the writings of Pliny the Elder, this is the time of year in which Druid priests sacrificed a white bull and gathered mistletoe in celebration.

Roman Saturnalia
Few cultures knew how to party like the Romans. Saturnalia was a festival of general merrymaking and debauchery held around the time of the winter solstice. This week-long party was held in honor of the god Saturn, and involved sacrifices, gift-giving, special privileges for slaves, and a lot of feasting. Although this holiday was partly about giving presents, more importantly, it was to honor an agricultural god.

Welcoming the Sun Through the Ages
Four thousand years ago, the Ancient Egyptians took the time to celebrate the daily rebirth of Ra, the god of the Sun. As their culture flourished and spread throughout Mesopotamia, other civilizations decided to get in on the sun-welcoming action. They found that things went really well… until the weather got cooler, and crops began to die. Each year, this cycle of birth, death and rebirth took place, and they began to realize that every year after a period of cold and darkness, the Sun did indeed return.
Winter festivals were also common in Greece and Rome, as well as in the British Isles. When a new religion called Christianity popped up, the new hierarchy had trouble converting the Pagans, and as such, folks didn’t want to give up their old holidays. Christian churches were built on old Pagan worship sites, and Pagan symbols were incorporated into the symbolism of Christianity. Within a few centuries, the Christians had everyone worshipping a new holiday celebrated on December 25.
In some traditions of Wicca and Paganism, the Yule celebration comes from the Celtic legend of the battle between the young Oak King and the Holly King. The Oak King, representing the light of the new year, tries each year to usurp the old Holly King, who is the symbol of darkness. Re-enactment of the battle is popular in some Wiccan rituals.

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Book Review/Comparison

 

9780871568137-usWhile arranging my bookshelves today, I found two books buried under a stack of miscellaneous items.  They are: How to Stay Alive in the Woods by Bradford Angier and Walking Softly in the Wilderness by John Hart. This is a blast from the past as I’ve had these books since I was back home in Washington State.9780020280507-ol-0-m

The first is an earlier edition printed in 1962 but the original copyright is from 1956.  The summary on the back says: could you, if your life depended on it, may nature sustain you?  This book, written with the sure knowledge that comes from experience, demonstrates to youngsters and adults alike that every necessity of life is the ones command in the outdoors.

The author, a season camper, shows how to spark of fire by using a drop of water as a lens; had to test different plants for edibility and how to cook wild fruits, leaves, herbs, and roots; how to improvise fishing equipment and animal traps; where to find shelter; and how to make clothing.

This book is a “survival kit.” It may save your life.

This is the handbook that belongs in every sportsmen’s knapsack.  Now I know this is an old addition and there are many updated versions.  It is mostly text with few pictures but there it is lots of good information inside.

The latter book is listed as being the Sierra club guide to backpacking.  Summary on the back says this is: if “out of the Sierra club’s extensive back country hiking and camping experience comes as completely revised and updated guide for both novice and veterans backpackers who want to explore the wilderness expert lead and gently.  This invaluable handbook includes the very latest information on:

  • Boots and Foot Care
  • Home in a pack
  • Sleeping bags and kitchen gear
  • First-aid
  • Getting fit
  • Planning the trip
  • Making and breaking camp
  • Food and fuel
  • The art of map and compass
  • The waste problem
  • Coping with emergencies
  • Camping with children
  • Snow and ice camping
  • The politics of wilderness

This book was printed in 1984 of the original copyright is from 1948.  This book has more detailed and width updated information than the previous one.  One of the main differences in these books is that one is about survival and the others about backpacking, camping and hiking.  They do complement each other at times cover the same material.